Charles Cowling

Photos by Lucy Wallace


Posted by Ru Callender


I have taken funeral ceremonies for thirteen years now, and like all things done for long enough, I feel comfortable in the doing. 

They can still scare me witless. I used not to sleep the night before, but there is a familiar feel to the ritual that I recognise. The seconds before they start are amongst the stillest and calmest points of my daily life. I feel my heartbeat synchronise with a bigger rhythm, I feel in the right place, aligned to my own spiritual equinox. 

Weddings are a different kettle of bride. 

A curious friend asked us whether we ever did them, and Claire launched off into her stock answer as to why not;  the scary demands of manic bridezillas intent on the perfect wedding, the glacially long time spent preparing them compared with the short intensity of a funeral, the bad behavior that accompanies them so often. 

One of the things that attracts my wife to our work is that bullshit is the first casualty of death, authenticity and realness just won’t be denied access to the feast, and this is what can make them so nourishing for those who conduct them. 

Compare this with the often ludicrous rituals that a soon to be married couple put their friends through; the choking atmosphere filled with irony and the unsaid, the absurd cost, the bizarre taste, the will they won’t they make it whispered conversations and it is clear why we stay well away. I also harbour a secret fear that I won’t be able to cut the emotional mustard unless everyone is poleaxed by grief, that my words only function within the context of deep sadness, all good reasons to stick to eulogising the dead. 

This reply has become almost a routine, so we were shocked when just after rattling this off our friend looked slightly downcast and said, “Shame, I was hoping you would both conduct mine.” Like many people of strongly held principle when faced with a faux pas of their own doing, we immediately backpeddled and said we’d be delighted too. 

And so it was that this summer we found ourselves doing two ceremonies that were new to us, a wedding, though not our lovely friends; that glints away in the dream of next summer,  but a wedding for a beautiful vivacious young woman whose uncle we had buried, and a baby naming for two of our dear friends. 

Both parties were incredibly trusting in the freedom they allowed us. The couple getting married had done so legally and quietly the day before, no guests no fuss, and they placed themselves entirely in my hands for what we were to do. We decided together on what vows they would say, simple ones of committal to each other, but the context in which they were said they left up to me. 

At the beginning of the ceremony, I had an empty chair placed by the family pew for the beloved uncle whose death had brought us together. Then I called down all of their ancestors on both sides of their family to symbolically join us. 

I made it very clear that whether they believed in the continuation of the spirit after death or not, these people had preceded them, without them they would not be there and they were links in a chain that included their genetic ancestors, and their spiritual ones, all the people who had influenced and shaped them in their lives so far, and these connections stretched off into the future, a spreading web that linked them with their possible unborn children, and the people whose lives they were to shape and influence in their turn. It seemed to work, this fusion of the real and the imagined, the genetic and the social, much more so than an invocation to a god that so few there believed in. I was as nervous as I was at my first funeral, but pleased with how this ceremonial sidestep had gone. 

The wedding was relatively simple, but with the baby naming ceremony things became more complicated. As it approached, Claire would literally whimper when I mentioned it.

It wasn’t just the newness of the ceremony that was frightening us, but the congregation;  most of them good friends, all curious to see us strut our ritual stuff. 

Young William was nearly a year old, and as well as formerly naming him, we were appointing what would in a Christian framework be called ‘Godparents,’ but the ceremony we were asked to do was by it’s very nature non-Christian. Luckily we had a precedent for this in our own lives. 

Our girls, at a very tender age, had decided entirely on their own that they wanted one of these figures in their lives, and approached Claire’s dearest friend and asked her, and when she agreed, they created a ceremony by themselves to cement this new union. 

We called her their ‘oddparent.’ When our friends heard this, they laughed and agreed that indeed, the motley crew of friends they were appointing could be described as just that, so that settled things semantically, but the ceremony our children created and enacted themselves wasn’t going to work here, consisting as it did of a long recitation of the full version of “You are my sunshine”, sung to their oddmother while wearing their flamenco dresses. 

Creating new rituals from scratch is daunting, and many, most, fall at the first hurdle. 

I have a horror of pick and mix ceremonies, plucking the most aesthetically pleasing bits from someone else’s belief system; a smidge of Buddhism here, a prayer from a saint there, a nod to some vague new age environmental sentiments and hoping that the overall effect cancels out the sour aftertaste that comes with inappropriate cultural pillage. 

It can be seen everywhere, on the biceps of young men whose Chinese script tattoos spell out who knows what, to the religious icons hung around necks and wrists without even the pretence of adherence to those beliefs. It reaches its zenith in that video that went viral on the internet of a smiling Swiss couple renewing their vows on a beach in the Maldives by an ‘elder’, oblivious to the tongue lashing curses he is bestowing on them, heaped scorn and sexual insults blended with unfettered disgust; may your ovaries wither, I take thee infidel etc. 

Only the flintiest of hearts would fail to feel sorry for them in their moment of global humiliation, but anyone who choses appearance over content when doing something as serious as committing for life to a partner deserves something of what they get. 

So there is very little borrowing from other cultures or religions when you engage our services but sometimes, you just have to take inspiration from elsewhere, and do some adaptation. 

A traditional christening involves welcoming the child into the arms of the church, annointing their forehead with holy water from the baptismal font, and getting the godparents to swear to forsake the devil and to steer the child towards Christ.  

We weren’t doing any of these things, which nicely raised the pertinent question, what were we doing? 

Obviously, Billy’s parents wanted to invite some significant adults in their lives to have an input into his raising, that much was obvious, and they had reasons for choosing who they had, and they wanted their son to have his name recognised in some formal way, but doing this without the inclusive feel of the traditional religious service was going to be tricky. 

The origin of the word Religion comes from the latin ‘ligare’ meaning to bind.

William Blake knew what it meant to him: “..priests in black gowns were walking their rounds, and binding with briars my joys and desires,” but modern scholars like Joseph Campbell have a slightly different take, seeing it as re ligare, meaning to reconnect, and this is what religion at its best used to do; it connected us. In abandoning this complex intermingling of social and spiritual belief we have inevitably distanced ourselves from each other, meeting on common ground less and less, and when we do, it is often at ceremonies that fail us. 

Funerals are one ceremony that have shifted. The battle to make a funeral about the person who has died rather than the church has been well and truly won. Very few people, even the religiously devout, find the type of service in which the dead person’s name is simply inserted into a ritual acceptable anymore, but in winning this battle, we have taken some serious casualties. 

I think that funerals actually need to recalibrate themselves again, to make them not just about the person who has died, but about us all, because really, unless something is actually about us directly, we find it difficult to fully pay attention. I don’t think we should feel judgmental or guilty about this, its just the way we are hardwired. After all, empathy means actually feeling someone else’s emotions yourself, not just understanding them. 

So with this thought foremost in our minds, we set out to create a ceremony that didn’t seem phony, and didn’t leave everyone present feeling like an audience at an indulgent, solipsistic piece of nonsense. 

We were helped by our location; a beautiful semi-secret campsite on a clifftop near us affectionately known as Totnes-by-Sea. Near to a great pub, and run by a velvet gloved iron fisted farmer, all who were invited were invited for the weekend, and as it turned out to be one of the few nice weekends of the summer, everyone arrived in good time on Friday afternoon. 

We asked the four oddparents in waiting to bring something significant that could be burnt. They all brought some wood, some more seriously than others; driftwood, a small wooden idol, a coffee stirrer from a caffeine-addicted oddparent in waiting, all very welcome and appropriate, and along with some other bits and pieces; some grass from the field we were in, a fragment of a log that burnt at our wedding, a bit of shell from a favourite beach, they were burnt in the firebowl as we sat around, drinking late into the night. 

Billy’s parents come from Torbay, ringed with distinctive red sandstone, moist and crumbly, and we asked them to bring a handful with them, pulled from the cliffs.

First thing Saturday morning, we took a symbolic pinch of the previous night’s ash, put it into a mortar with the ochre like stone, and within minutes, had something which would not have looked out of place sprayed around an outstretched hand onto a cave wall in Lascaux. 

I felt a connection to an ancient lineage while mixing it, the presence of innumerable figures from the past, spiritual ancestors who tended fires, ritually grinding pigments and ash and blessings together for their community. I felt part a prehistoric priesthood that had been marking important moments since the dawn of time, a priesthood whose rituals morphed and branched off into Hinduism, making the mark of Shiva’s footprint between the eyes, or Catholicism, smudging burnt palm fronds onto the forehead of the faithful on Ash Wednesday, even the gaudy third eye psychedelic adornments of the counterculture. They all seemed to flow from the same source. 

The first thing that needed to be done was for us all to formally come together. 

What we all had in common, was Billy’s lovely parents, but we all represented different areas of both their lives. We pointed out that in being here, we all formed another tribe, brought together in the flesh for one day only, a tribe centered around Billy, one made entirely out of love. 

We are of course all part of many overlapping tribes, but it is easy to stop seeing this, to lose the feeling of being bound together, for better or worse. Every so often, we need to be reminded we’re not as alone as we fear, we need to feel solidarity, human warmth, companionship. Gathering around a new life is a great place to do this. 

Having drawn some sort of a ring around us, we talked about each oddparent, what they meant to Nigel and Cassie, and what they hoped they would bring to young William’s life.

It was a chance for the oddparents to hear a little bit about how their friends saw them; part acknowledgement, part thank you, part invitation, flattery with insight, a bit of gentle teasing with a soft finish.  They looked embarrassed, thrilled and moved, but above all, they looked involved. 

When it came time for the naming, we produced the mineral and burnt offering paste. We welcomed Billy into his tribes; our gathering, his family, the wider human community. We welcomed him into life itself, scary, relentless but filled with moments of joy and connectedness. We daubed him with the puja, “the blessing”, then we marked his odd parents. Then his odd parents marked his parents and us, and so it continued until everyone present had been anointed with the mixture. 

It dried like blood above our eyes, and as it dried, it stitched us all together; the living and the dead, the unborn and the never-may-be’s, the babies, the kids, grandparents, friends,  even the dogs. The moment itself was acknowledged, welcomed, defined and celebrated. 

Then the tribe broke bread, and drank and laughed and danced all night around the fire. 



We name this boy William Jacob. We welcome him into his family, we welcome him into our tribe, and we welcome him into the wider human race. We hope that his life is filled with rich experiences and emotions. We hope that he has the strength for battling with his demons whatever they may be, just as we hope that he can feel the whispered reassurance of his angels. We wish him the sensitivity to give neither too much sway, to come to an awareness of all aspects of his personality, however long that takes, and for the patience of all who love him as he finds his way there. We wish him the strength and courage to deal with the trials of life, and the senses and inclinations to enjoy it’s pleasures. Above all, we wish him love and laughter and joy, the most important things in this life.


17 thoughts on “Naming Billy

  1. Charles Cowling

    Profound, moving and wonderfully life affirming Ru. Thank you.
    There are important prompts here too. Most of my work is the creation of ceremonies and/or services for people. Your post is a reminder that there is another dimension that needs to be available – the creation of new rituals where, as Jenny says, meaning finds physical expression in symbols and actions. We need more of this.

    Charles Cowling
  2. Charles Cowling
    Jenny Uzzell

    For what its worth, I’m a Northerner (about as far North as you get in this country) and I totally get it! Although, perhaps its time to confess that I was born in Plymouth so maybe the weirdness is in my blood afterall! That will be why I don’t own a larded whippet! I do have a fondness for cream teas though….difficult to get up here with actual clotted cream rather than whipped monstrosities!

    Cynthia, I think you are spot on about the Romans, one of those times in history when there were people with time and leisure to ponder on things and easy access by way of the Empire, to the beliefs and traditions of far away and exotice places which they approriated and reshaped to suit themselves. The worship of Isis in Rome, for example, bore very littel resemblance to the the worship of Isis in Egypt….although a ‘Hellenised’ version was later ‘re-imported’ to Egypt where it became very popular. Fascinating stuff.

    I love the idea of symbols as personal landmarks!

    Charles Cowling
  3. Charles Cowling
    Georgina Pugh

    really, really beautiful – thank-you. and made me nostalgic for the rave days!

    Charles Cowling
    1. Charles Cowling
      Ru Callender

      No need to be nostalgic Georgina, the beat goes on!

      Charles Cowling
  4. Charles Cowling
    gloria mundi

    Apart from its intrinsic fascination, challenge and beauty, look at how many thoughtful contributions this post has drawn forth. I shall have to return a few times to read it and mull it all over. Thanks.

    Ease off the cream teas lad, they’re not good for you – this deconstructed/reconstructed ritual stuff you do is going to be seen more and more often, especially in the fringelands of Britain, stuffed as they are with “alternatives.” Few are the people who can do it right.

    Charles Cowling
  5. Charles Cowling

    Beautiful and meaningful – thank you for sharing that Ru. I have to go and read it again to let it all sink in. Love it.

    Charles Cowling
  6. Charles Cowling
    Cynthia Beal


    Loved this…thank you.

    I’d like to chime in on the perspective on “pick and mix” if I may:

    Programs/paths/proscriptions that the old religions and ways historically offered were, to my mind, created for people without much opportunity in life for individuated consciousness. Just staying alive required enormous coordination and agreement, and there wasn’t the luxury of time to disagree; too much chatting about the best way to get the crop in meant the crop might not get in, and no one had time for that! I liked Jenny’s observation about the early Christians pikmix, and suspect it was partly an indication of affluence/life mastery and the individuation that I think can be born from that.

    Exposed as we now are to cultures from everywhere and everywhen, today’s consciousness is a wholly unique way of being, exponentially ramped up from the social plane we were on before. Each of us is so different in many ways, compared to just our parent’s generations, and within our own geographies, and the psychic “buttons” that move us to think, act and re-act vary widely from human to human, dependent upon the experiences our beings have recorded to date – how in the world do we ever find common ground at all!!??

    I’m a pikmixer, for sure. I look around my VERY sparsely ‘decorated’ living space and see a small handful of symbols chosen to remind me of thoughts I want to carry around with me in my daily life. They come from a wide variety of sources – Tibetan, Native American, Christian, Artisan, Extraterrestrial, Pagan, Jewish, Muslim, Utilitarian, Human, Terran, Exerciserian (:-)), etc. – too many to count…They like little landmarks, reminding me of things I hold to be important and giving me moments to practice in. (Heck, I even smile at “Hello Kitty” because I decided to let that represent the basic impulse to happiness for me rather than the corporate capacity to commoditize fundamental human impulses, but that’s my ‘free will’ speech so I’ll save it for later…)

    I don’t pick them out of disrespect; on the contrary, they represent one of the best ways I know of to honor the lineages they came from, as well as my acknowledgement that all Paths have their place (but I’m not a follower – tho I do recognize the challenges of that particular path – and I don’t have a lot of stuff as a rule, so you won’t find the complete pantheon of any One Way in my realm).

    I realize that to some I might appear to be a superficial fluff-bucket but since I stopped worrying about whether or not I look that way, and since I work to stay in touch with the reason I’ve added these elements into my life rather than why others might think I’ve done so, as well as the struggle to work them into my daily actions, thankfully that’s a non-issue. Being a fluff-bucket works for me!

    I’ve also learned that it’s almost impossible to judge (as you know!!!) what the inspiration is behind something, and thus judging the person for the surface of the thing is a slippery slope — and so, speaking of symbols on biceps and such, I have a dear friend whose daughter decided to indulge in a few tatoos. One day, she asked him to go with her to get her next one. Although aghast and feeling as though he should complain and object and point out the error of her ways, in the name of supportive parenting, he went to the shop with her. It was a little thing placed on her ankle – a butterfly? a flower? a heart? – and when it was done, he said she looked at him, holding his hand, and said “Now whenever I look at this, Daddy, I’ll always think of you…”. Melt.

    You are right on about creating meaningful ritual, and through your work you are bringing the work of assisting people in that creation to a higher level. As we move into this very unique time, we’re all being called to either choose someone else’s meaning or choose to define our own. Rituals around common experiences like birth, coming of age, marriage, and death give us focalizing places to practice that new independence. And if our vocabulary of meaning is still small (or you’re too far away!) at least we have the freedom to choose from the menu of other cultures – that in itself was a pretty hardwon freedom, and remains so to this day… Thank you for sharing your stories, and for being able and willing to articulate your experience daily. I DO wish I was over there and could play in your work now and then.
    Blessings from afar,


    Charles Cowling
    1. Charles Cowling
      Ru Callender

      Cynthia, as ever, you force me to look at my prejudices afresh. Superficial fluff bucket you ain’t. And I suppose my own mélange of beliefs is gathered from many sources, but what I was protesting against was the unthinking blend that can make up a badly thought out ritual. We’ve all been to them; too much me me me and not enough us. Lots of glitter and no depth. Sounds elitist, but there it is. Blame advertising. I do…

      Charles Cowling
  7. Charles Cowling

    So lovely to read Ru

    Charles Cowling
  8. Charles Cowling
    Kristie West

    Really beautiful account Ru

    Charles Cowling
  9. Charles Cowling

    As a fellow Northerner, Ken, I felt totally reassured by the thoughts, ideas and planning of this new ritual. Echoes of baptism, the welcoming into the community ‘tribe’, a symbolic marking with the remnants of the significant yet consumable (by fire) talismans chosen and brought by the ‘oddparents’. A touch of humour, a generous dollop of joy, a blessing of perfect proportion for Billy. Ru, you are a gifted thinker, writer and minister of compassion to the people you encounter. Whatever inspires you must be deep and profound. Thank you for recounting this beautiful story here.

    Charles Cowling
  10. Charles Cowling
    Ken Davis

    Well what can anyone say ?

    Ru, thank you for such a moving account, but I don’t really understand the spiritual significance of the coffee stirrer. Is it a bit like the gourd or the shoe in “Life of Brian” , (A Monty Python production ) ?

    So the child, Billy, will forever be marked with the ashes of a Starbucks coffee stirrer, provided by his Oddparent? I simply don’t get it.
    Help me here Ru, it’s not really the stuff we Northerners can appreciate.

    Does everyone in Devon behave in this way ?
    Do you really approach funeral directing in the same fashion ?
    Were your experiences at Raves swamped by the consumption of illegal substances ?

    Is it me , or are you no more than simply eccentric ? If nothing else you have made me smile this evening.

    Charles Cowling
    1. Charles Cowling
      Ru Callender

      Ken, first off, I’m from Scotland, so you’re a southerner as far as I’m concerned. The significance of the coffee stirrer was that it was brought by one of the odd parents. Yes, it is a bit jokey, but that is just as welcome as something more obviously relevant. Yes, I suppose we do approach our undertaking work in the same fashion. We make it up as we go along, but we make it up with the family who engage us, and that makes all the difference. It has worked for thirteen years, we’re going to keep at it. Yes, everyone in Devon eats cream teas every day, just as you slather your whippets in lard to stop them drowning in the canal. Ken, the modern world must seem frightening and strange. Hold on! Seriously Ken, don’t worry. Willfully eccentric, nothing more.

      Charles Cowling
  11. Charles Cowling
    Ru Callender

    I find myself, yet again, back peddling. I too have actually created a sort of spiritual mix from many sources, particularly my experiences being part of the rave generation. I encountered more genuine spirituality at a rave than in any formal religious setting, but I suppose what I was railing against was the unthinking appropriation of religious iconography because it looks good. One of my pedantic pet hates of the moment is those t shirts which say “Body of a god. Shame it’s Buddha.” altogether now, “He’s not a god, he’s a very enlightened being!” I agree the Romans were very magpie like in their tastes. One might almost say too impressionable. Their own mythology was pretty dull until they got stuck into the Greeks. Christianity took hold incredibly quickly, embarrassingly so. Anyway, we digress. And thank you Sweetpea!

    Charles Cowling
  12. Charles Cowling
    Jon Underwood

    Fantastic stuff! Thanks for brightening my day Ru.

    Charles Cowling
  13. Charles Cowling
    Jenny Uzzell

    Yes, utterly beautiful, genuinely meaningful. This is real ritual…an acting out in ways that are meaningful to the participants of things that are difficult to put into words; or are more powerful than if they were put into words.

    I’m not sure I agree with you about ‘pick and mix’ spirituality, though. Well, actually…I do and I don’t. I totally agree about people who pick bits and pieces out of other cultures or religions because they look good, or are exotic or fashionble. A pet hate of mine is the current trend for Hindu deities on handbags and purses. If you use something you need two things…you need to know what it means in the context of the religion or culture from which it comes, and you need to know what it means to you. (The emic and the etic).
    Personally, my own spirituality has roots in a variety of places…in Christianity which is a part of my ancestral heritage (a very odd sort of Christianity, I’ll grant you, but certainly a lot of the ideas and symbols are meaningful to me.) In certain kinds of Shaivite Hinduism, and in some of the Neo-Pagan movements that have grown up over the last 50 years or so and which are slowly but surely becomming a part of the mainstream of the spirituality in this country. So I am very much a ‘pick and mix’ person and my own personal rituals and the altars in my house (there are one or two) draw from all of those, and others, and from things that are not ‘religious’ at all. On the other hand, I have an understanding of all these traditions in their own context and in my own. I know why these things are meaningful to me, and where I have taken things out of their original context (which I do), I know how and why I have done so. All I can say is that it works for me.
    It can also be an interesting cauldron. Many aspects of Christianity as we understand it today come from the fact that citizens of the Roman Empire in the First to Third centuries had very much a ‘pick and mix’ attitude to spirituality.
    Once again, I am not disagreeing with what you say, I think there are very real dangers in the ‘pick and mix’ attitude and I remember coming out with a few choice words in the ‘Mind Body and Spirit’ (What does that mean, anyway?) section of a bookshop when I saw a book with the words ‘angel’, ‘karma’ and ‘chi’ in the same sentence. Aaarrrggghhh! What I am suggesting though, is there is a valid place for thoughtful, mindful and respectful assimilation.
    Anyway, as I said, what you are doing is what ritual is all about and I very much hope that you continue your expansion into weddings, namings and whatever other new rituals (divorce? I would actually have found a divorce ritual very useful and helpful) our evolving society needs. In the emotional, spiritual and community void that has filled the decline of organised religion with a recognised place in society…this is exactly what we need.
    Thankyou for sharing.

    Charles Cowling
  14. Charles Cowling

    I’m blown away, Ru! What an extraordinary account, and such inspiration for us all. Thanks

    Charles Cowling

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